Secondary education is the hub of a lifetime. As UNESCO supports, it is at this stage of life that a young man develops the skills required to crown his adult life of success. This book analyzes the expansion of this crucial level of education in the Northern Cameroon Priority Education Zone. It traces the process of introduction of the Western school, marked by colonial realpolitik and local resistance, sheds a light on the objective and subjective factors of the rise of secondary, the actors who mobilize them, as well as their motivations and their modus operandi in the educational field. The book then discusses the contradictions of the dynamics of the school map in this region. Indeed, the period from 1948 to the democratic opening in 1990 is marked by 64 secondary schools, including 50 public and 14 private. A quantitative insufficiency of the supply of education, a selective and eclectic system, inequalities of the chances of access to school are then observed. On the other hand, the years 1990-2018 are characterized by a school explosion due to objective factors, but also to external influences of the educational map. In just twenty-eight years, 306 new establishments have been opened in the region. For the 2017-2018 school year, Northern Cameroon has 695 schools. The secondary school was open to the masses. However, the democratization of the good that is the school is thwarted by the precariousness of the learning environment as well as pedagogical management problems. To fill these gaps, the school was open to external speakers, through the establishment of forms of plural partnership. However, despite the great involvement of these private actors and despite the varied development of their activities, the performance of the school system remains very poor. Finally, the quantitative deficiency in the supply of education that prevailed between 1948 and 1990 is replaced by a qualitative deficiency. Instead of unequal access to school, there is now a problem of chance of success during training and social emancipation at the end of school. This book is intended to be a tool for strategic and operational decision support, an instrument serving the equity, efficiency and quality of education provision. Governments, school partners, educators and education managers will find a valuable source of information and inspiration.

The author

Historian, Dr. PANYA PADAMA is Professor of High Schools. After several years of teaching in the South of Cameroon, he assumed, since September 2005, the function of Regional Pedagogical Inspector at the Regional Delegation of Secondary Education in the Far North. As such, he has produced and made two textbooks available to the educational community, one on forms of expression of freedoms and political regimes, the other on methodology of dissertation, text explanation and commentary of documents. His loyal service to national education earned him the dignity of Chevalier des Palmes Académiques in October 2016. Moreover, he teaches at the École Normale Supérieure de Maroua and gives consultations on issues of citizenship education, human rights education, peace education, prevention of violent extremism (PEV), etc. He conducted his doctoral studies in the framework of the Doctoral Training Unit (UFD) Human Sciences and Society of the University of Maroua. He is particularly interested in the history of education and development, which is the subject of most of his publications.

Details of the book

Title : Évolution de la carte scolaire de l’enseignement secondaire au Nord Cameroun : 1948 – 2018
Editor : Editions Cheikh Anta Diop
Collection : Collection Univers Pédagogique en Mutation
ISBN-13 : 978-9956-657-21-2
Language : French, English
Number of pages : 396
Size : 26 X 39,5 cm
Publication date : September 17, 2018
Price : Africa : 16 400 / 25 € - Out of Africa : 22 960 / 35 €
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